Diagnostics of epilepsy

The diagnostic methods developed to date allowaccurately to determine the presence of epilepsy.First of all,
this is done with special devices.

Electroencephalography (EEG)
This method is the main for the diagnosis of epilepsy. Special electrodes attached to the patient’s head record
the bioelectric activity of the brain.The results are printed on paper or recorded as a computer file.
It is informative enough since people with such problem often have specific changes in brain activity
(even a certain time before and after an attack).But in some cases, EEG is not enough for accurate diagnosis.
Some people do not have specific changes after an epileptic seizure, or they occur
in deep structures that the device simply does not capture.

Important: This test is best taken 24 hours after the onset of the attack.

Computed, magnetic resonance and positron emission tomography
Methods showing changes in brain structures. First of all, they allow to reveal cysts, tumors,
aneurysms and other pathologies.
With the help of CT, you can detect areas with abnormal bioelectric activity that indicate epilepsy

Experimental methods
One of these is Magnetic Encephalography (MEG). With its help, magnetic signals of neurons are recorded,
even from deep structures of the brain. Thus, activity of the brain is monitored in real time.
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy shows biochemical processes in the brain tissue. Only an experienced
specialist can decipher the results of these studies. Based on them, the diagnosis of “epilepsy” is made or declined.

General examinations
These include:
• Laboratory diagnostic methods;
• Collection of patients medical history;
• Neuropsychological tests.

Laboratory methods include blood tests which allow detection of biochemical disorders, check for genetic abnormalities
and other factors that may directly or indirectly indicate the disease.
During the conversation with the patient, the doctor collects information about his/her complaints and clarifies the features
of the disease, hereditary predisposition to epilepsy.
Details on the nature of the attacks allows to make the correct diagnosis.
Collected medical history can also help the doctor to draw preliminary conclusions
about exactly what part of the brain is affected.
Neuropsychological tests allow evaluation of patients memory, speech, attentiveness, emotional background.
This allows you to determine the degree epilepsy impact on
the psychological and neurological state of a person, as well as to clarify its type
All data obtained as a result of examinations are used to determine correct therapy.

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