This type of malignant gynecological pathology is getting “younger”. If earlier the target of
cervical cancer were women over the age of 40 years, today the disease is diagnosed
in women of all ages. Among the pathologies of oncological nature found in gynecology,
this type of cancer occupies a leading position.
Cancer foci are transformed in the epithelial layer. Prerequisites are dysplastic processes
in the cervical part. It is possible to prevent the degeneration of cells into malignant cells on
timeto identify and cure signs of dysplasia.
Types of cervical cancer, oncology diagnostic methods
In gynecology there are two types of oncological pathology cervix of uterus. The first one i
s most often occurring is planocellular cancer.
The second type is an adenocarcinoma develops in tissues therefore its diagnosing is complicated.
The new growth can progress on endophytic or exophytic type inside or in out of it. It is very
important to reveal a problem at an early stage when the malignancy responds to treatment.
At the last stages percentage of survival of patients is extremely low.
Ways to diagnose a tumor of the cervix
In this case for diagnostics the complex examination allowing to obtain
a maximum of information on a new growth is conducted.
The first signs come to light at visual inspection by the gynecologist.
Changes in tissues are noticeable with the naked eye, therefore it is possible to reveal the location.
• Oncocytology analysis is screening of the sample taken as a smear.
• Colposcopy is used to identify symptoms of pathology. Dye solution is used.
• Biopsy is used when other information is inconclusive.
The extraction of tissues and their analysis is made.
• Scraping is the additional method allowing to reveal tumors in the thickenedtissues.
• Transvaginal ultrasonography can be combined with doppler sonography.
• X-ray, CT, MRI are auxiliary techniques for detection of metastases in the next bodies.
• Laboratory diagnostics of level of oncomarkers of SCC and SA 125.
• PTsRdiagnostics for detection of HPV is a screening tool to find structural changes
in a cervix epithelium.
The first two types of analyses are the main ones for detection of cervical cancer and
quite often it is sufficient for diagnosis.
Recommendations of the German doctors of age of the initialcheck up
Annual check up for detection of cervical cancer is recommended to women over 20 years.
In a zone of risk are woman with erosive processes and patients with oncology
in the family anamnesis who need observation of the specialist. Inflammatory processes,
frequent change of sexual partners can also become the reason of impacting
tissues which can gain malignant character subsequently.
Work at hazardous productions, ecologically bad areas and stress are considered oncofactors.