Diagnostics of Neurological Diseases

A doctor can make a neurological diagnosis only on the basis of the collected history, the psycho-neurological
condition of the person, as well as the results of laboratory tests and instrumental diagnostic methods.
Important: According to statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO),
one-seventh of the world’s population (approximately 1 billion) suffers from neurological disorders
of varying complexity.

Laboratory diagnostics
General and biochemical blood and urine tests are prescribed, ELISA biomarkers are checked. PCR diagnostics
of viruses are performed to exclude or confirm the viral etiology of a neurological disorder. Hormones are also
tested, a blood clotting test (coagulogram) is done.
In some cases, it is necessary to analyze cerebrospinal fluid, for example, in case of meningitis.
During the conversation with the patient, doctor assesses patient’s general condition. May perform some
tests to evaluate reflexes and coordination.

Instrumental diagnostics
For babies, a special ultrasound diagnostic,neurosonography, method is used. It is done on babies up to a year.
Ultrasonic waves penetrate through a large spring that grows just before the year of age. This allows you to identify
anomalies of development, tumors, circulatory disorders, and other pathologies.
MRI,Magnetic Resonance Imaging, is considered one of the most informative methods. It creates high-quality
multi-layered images of the brain. This allows the doctor to identify in the early stages of the tumor, stroke, organ
disease and most vascular abnormalities.
CT (Computed Tomography) is widely used in the diagnostics of neurological diseases and also provides
ayer-by-layer images of the brain. Sometimes, to increase the detail, a special contrast agent is introduced.

For the diagnosis of epilepsy and other pathological conditions, electroencephalography (EEG) is prescribed.

Other popular methods:
• USDG (Doppler ultrasound) is used for study of blood vessels and blood flow velocity;
• Checking the arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels of the brain by using angiography, allows you to identify
• thrombosis, vascular stenosis, hemorrhage (hemorrhage), tumors, etc .;
• Electroneuromyography gives an idea about peripheral nervous system functioning, shows where the nerve
• damage can be, allows to detect the speed of neuroimpulsepassage;
• Rheoencephalography determines vascular tone, degree of blood filling and other indicators
in different parts of the brain.

All modern diagnostic methods are painless and informative. Those of them that involve radiation do not cause
any harm to the body. The results of these examinations become the basis for developing treatment regimen.

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