Diagnostics of prostate cancer

This disease is also called prostate carcinoma. The tumor usually grows slowly, and has a tendency to metastasize.
It is one of the most common prostate diseases.
Diagnostics of carcinoma
It occurs in several stages:
1. Visit to urologist.
2. Delivery of additional analyzes and exams.
3. Prostate biopsy.

During the visit, in addition to collecting anamnesis, the doctor performs rectal digital prostate diagnosis. During this,
you can detect the thickening of the gland. After that, additional tests are already assigned.
First, the PSA level (prostate specific antigen) is checked. It is a tumor marker. To determine it, the patient gives blood.
Ultrasound of the prostate is the next stage of diagnostic. The examination uses a rectal probe that detects:
• Prostate volume;
• The presence of nodules;
• Thickening.
A modern and more accurate diagnostic method is multiparameter magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Clearly captures
the pathological changes of the prostate.

The final diagnostic method is biopsy. Only after receiving the results of biopsy a diagnosis of prostate cancer can be made,
since there are other diseases that provoke thickening of the gland. For this purpose, a special instrument is used to take
prostate tissue from its different parts and send it for histological examination.
Individually, to clarify the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe various urine tests, angiography and other tests.
According to the test results, an individual therapy regimen is prescribed. The most effective treatment is in the early
stages
of the disease.

What does the diagnostics give?
To detect the slightest changes in the prostate gland on time is to protect yourself from the development of dangerous
diseases.
The most common prostate diseases are:
1. Prostatitis, an inflammatory process of the organ. It affects about 35% of men who have reached the age of 55 years.
2. Adenoma – benign prostatic hyperplasia. Among men who crossed the 60 years, 30% are susceptible to this disease. At the
age of 80 years it is 90%.
3. Carcinoma of the prostate. Among men older than 50 years old, it occurs in every 7th man.
The latter disease is the most common cause of death among the elderly. Prostate cancer in the early stages causes no
symptoms, so it is imperative to undergo preventive check-ups.
Routine examinations
Many men do not know how often to undergo examination of the genitals and prostate, or hesitate because of the specifics
of the examination.
Doctors from Germany advise to undergo such an examination every year.
For men over 45 years, palpation of the lymph nodes is required. However,
statistics show that only 20% of men adhere to this rule.

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