Diagnostics of the Lungs

Successful diagnosis and selection of the correct lung treatment regimen is completely dependent
on the results of special studies. Anamnesis is not enough,
s very often the same symptoms occur in different diseases.
Why diagnostics is so important?
Among all chronic diseases, more than 50% accountedfor the bronchi and lungs.
Problems with respiratory organs occur not only among smokers, but also among people living
in places with poor ecology or having  professions.
Diagnosis allows early detection of pneumonia, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease),
and malignant neoplasms in the lungs.
Effective are modern methods for the diagnosis of tuberculosis, asthma and bronchitis.
Also during examinations, the impact of injuries of the respiratory organs are studied and
it allows to evaluate the efficacy of therapy.

X-ray Diagnostics
Several methods fall into this category.
Each of them is carried out using an X-ray machine, but differs in accuracy and image quality,
as well as some technological features.

• Roentgenoscopy.The image is viewed on the screen but does not show minor pathologies.
• Radiography.The image is printed on a film, is a more accurate method,
shows even the minor changes.
• Fluorography is used more often as a method of routine inspection, since the image
is displayed either on poor-quality film or on a monitor.
• Computed Tomography (CT) gives a clear picture of the respiratory organs and lymph nodes.
• Bronchography is an X-ray with the introduction of a contrast agent.

More accurate methods can detect tumors, foci of inflammation and other pathological changes
in the respiratory organs.
Interestingly during diagnostics using modern devices, patient receives the most minimal
dose of radiation, which does not harm health.
Endoscopic Examinations

They consist in the introduction of a special instrument into the respiratory organ. These include:
• Bronchoscopy.
• Thoracoscopy.

At the first examination, the mucous membrane of the trachea and bronchi is examined.
At the second examination the pleural cavity is studied.
Diagnostics of Lung Function
There are two main methods. Checkup of pulmonary aeration that shows the volume of the lungs,
helps to determine respiratory failure in adults and children. Pleural puncture is carried out
to take the contents of the pleural cavity for further study.
Interestingly, ultrasound is rarely used as an independent diagnostic method.
It is necessary mainly to control the puncture procedure or drainage of the pleural cavity.
There are also laboratory methods used for diagnostics of lungs condition.
These are a microscopic and bacterioscopic examination of sputum to detect tuberculosis,
parasites, and other pathologies.
General exams of the respiratory organs on regular basis
as a preventive measure is recommended by specialists.

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