Ophthalmologic Diagnostics

Experts advise to have annual eye exams. This rule applies to every person. By adhering to it,
it is possible to prevent the development of diseases, most of which lead to blindness.
Standard examination includes several procedures that allow to identify common diseases
such as myopia, astigmatism, conjunctivitis, cataracts, etc.
Important: accurate diagnosis is possible only with an ophthalmologist in a specially equipped office.

Effective diagnostic methods
These examinations are most often used by doctors to determine eye diseases.

1. Visometry.
The very first proven method for determining visual acuity. To do this, the patient looks at a special
table and names the objects on the table that doctors points to.
If no abnormalities are detected, the doctor records the results. In case of abnormalities,
a special frame and lenses are used (the so-called correction),
and only after that the indicators are recorded.
Visual impairment is one of the most important symptoms indicating many eye diseases.

2. Color vision test.
For this test tables are also used. It helps to identify protanopia, deuteranopia and color weakness.
These conditions are varieties of color blindness.

3. The method of Girshberg.
Helps to determine the angle of strabismus with the help of reflection of light on the cornea.

4. Tonometry.
For patients who are over the age of 40, tonometry will be a mandatory examination.
With its help measure the intraocular pressure. Helps to reveal glaucoma.
The risk of glaucoma increases after the specified age.

5. Perimetry.
What diseases can be diagnosed during this examination:
• Partial atrophy of the optic nerve;
• Glaucoma.
This method checks the peripheral vision of a person.

6. Biomicroscopy.
This is a method of examination of the conjunctiva and cornea with multiple magnification.
Also allows you to explore deeper structures. These include the iris, lens and vitreous body.

7. Ophthalmoscopy.
Allows inspection of the inner surface of the eye, assess the condition
of the retina and blood vessels in the fundus.
The results of this study are among the most important in the diagnosis of various eye diseases.

8. Refractometry.
Necessary for the detection of myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism examination.

9. Washing the lacrimal ducts.
The procedure aimed at checking their patency. It is also used for medicinal purposes.
In case the listed methods are not enough to determine the exact diagnosis,
he ophthalmologist will prescribe other examinations which are done with special equipment.
To undergo such a diagnosis,
it is necessary to visit an ophthalmological center or a special department in a hospital.

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